Pest Control Services Hamilton – Insect Control Services Toronto
Many insects and pests have only become a problem because of the direct actions of humans. Modifying these actions can often substantially reduce any pest problem. Many Toronto homeowners introduced bins with locking lids, which deterred the raccoons from visiting. House flies tend to accumulate wherever there is human activity, especially where food or food waste is exposed. this is virtually a global phenomenon,
Living organisms evolve and increase their resistance to biological, chemical, physical or any other form of control. Unless the target population is completely exterminated or is rendered incapable of reproduction, the surviving population will inevitably acquire a tolerance of whatever pressures are brought to bear – this results in an evolutionary arms race.
Biological pest control
Biological pest control is the control of insects through the control and management of natural predators and parasites. For example: mosquitoes are often controlled by putting a bacterium that infects and kills mosquito larvae in local water sources. The treatment has no known negative consequences on the remaining ecology and is safe for humans to drink. The point of biological pest control, or any natural pest control, is to eliminate a pest with minimal harm to the ecological balance of the environment in its present form.
Mechanical pest control
Mechanical pest control is the use of hands-on techniques, as well as simple equipment, devices, and natural ingredients that provide a protective barrier between your property and insects. For example, weeds can be controlled by being physically removed from the ground. This is referred to as tillage and is one of the oldest methods of weed control.
Physical pest control
Physical pest control is a method of getting rid of insects and small rodents by removing, attacking, or setting up barriers that will prevent further destruction of one’s plants or forcing insect infestations to become visible, such as infestations of termites.
Elimination of breeding grounds
Proper waste management and drainage of standing water eliminates the breeding ground of many pests.
Garbage provides food and shelter for many unwanted organisms, as well as an area where standing water might collect and be used as a breeding ground by mosquitoes. Communities that have proper garbage collection and disposal have far less of a problem with rats, cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies and other pests than those that don’t.
Ant species are considered pests, and the presence of ants can be undesirable in places that are meant to be sterile. They can also cause problems for humans by their habits of raiding stored food, damaging indoor structures, causing damage to agricultural crops either directly or by aiding sucking pests, or because of their stings and bites. The adaptive nature of ant colonies makes it nearly impossible to eliminate entire colonies, and most pest management practices aim to control local populations and tend to be temporary solutions.
Some of the ants classified as pests include the pavement ant, yellow crazy ant, sugar ants, the Pharaoh ant, carpenter ants, Argentine ant, odorous house ants, red imported fire ant, and European fire ant. Ant populations are managed by a combination of approaches that make use of chemical, biological and physical methods. Chemical methods include the use of insecticidal bait that is gathered by ants as food and brought back to the nest, where the poison is inadvertently spread to other colony members through trophallaxis. Management is based on the species and techniques can vary according to the location and circumstance.
Cockroaches are one of the most commonly noted household pests. They feed on human and pet food, and can leave an offensive odor. They can also passively transport microbes on their body surfaces, including those that are potentially dangerous to humans, particularly in environments such as hospitals. Cockroaches can also be linked with allergic reactions in humans. One of the proteins that triggers allergic reactions is tropomyosin. These allergens are also linked with asthma.
General preventive measures against cockroaches include keeping all water and food stored away in sealed containers, using garbage cans with tight lids, frequent cleaning in the kitchen, and regular vacuuming. Any water leaks, such as dripping taps, should also be repaired. It is also helpful to seal off any entry points, such as holes around baseboards, between kitchen cabinets, pipes, doors, and windows with some steel wool or copper mesh, or some cement, putty, or silicone caulk.
Some cockroaches have been known to live up to three months without food and a month without water. Frequently living outdoors, although preferring warm climates and considered “cold intolerant,” they are resilient enough to survive occasional freezing temperatures. This makes them difficult to eradicate once they have infested an area.
Wasps come in many types and sizes. The ones that are of most concern to people because of their stinging habits are yellow jackets and hornets. Their social organizations range from cooperative fertile female paper wasps to the caste system of yellow jackets, in which there is a single fertile queen and a large population of smaller unmated females. Some social wasps are predators for most or all of the year, and provide a great benefit by killing large numbers of plant-feeding insects and nuisance flies; others are exclusively scavengers. Yellow jackets will also forage for food that people eat, especially sweets and meats. Due to their size and coloration, these wasps are often mistaken for bees. Bees are not nearly as aggressive and are valued as major pollinators as well as honey producers.
All wasps will defend their nests, but yellow jackets and hornets are the most aggressive. They can be distinguished from bees by their thin “waists,” as bees are thick-waisted. They fold their wings lengthwise when at rest. The yellow jacket colony will remain active for only one summer, after which the queens will fly away to start more colonies. The remaining ones die at the end of the summer, and the nest is not reused. Wasps become a problem only when they threaten to sting humans. One of the most troublesome of the social wasps is the yellow jacket. Yellow jackets, especially ground- and cavity-nesting ones such as the western yellow jacket, tend to defend their nests vigorously when disturbed. Defensive behavior increases as the season progresses and colony populations become larger while food becomes scarcer. In fall, foraging yellow jackets are primarily scavengers and they start to show up at picnics, barbecues, around garbage cans, at dishes of dog or cat food placed outside, and where ripe or overripe fruit are accessible. At certain times and places, the number of scavenger wasps can be quite large.
Fleas are a universal pest, affecting all warm-blooded vertebrates from bats and birds to the family cat and rabbit. They can be hard to control and even harder to kill, but knowing some interesting facts about their life-cycle can make eradicating a flea infestation a little bit easier!
There are at least 2000 known flea species around the world. By far the most common species affecting domestic animals, both cats and dogs, is the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis.
Most fleas are very small, measuring only about 1/16″ to 1/8″ (1.5 to 3.3 mm), but there is one that lives on mountain beavers in the United States that is a monster flea. Hystrichopsylla schefferi has been recorded to reach lengths of 1/2″ (12 mm)! Fleas have a darkly colored, hard body that is laterally flattened (squished from side to side). This body shape helps the flea to move between the hairs or feather on its host’s body.
Fleas are commonly the cause of superficial skin irritations and dermatitis. They cause a condition called flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) which can lead to red, inflamed, and very itchy patches. They can also be vectors for more serious diseases and parasites, including the bacteria that cause typhus and bubonic plague, as well as tapeworms. Fleas have four stages in their life cycle: egg, larva, pupa and adult.
The larger female flea must have a good blood meal before she is able to lay anywhere from 40 to 50 eggs a day! Although flea eggs are laid in the fur or hair of a host animal, they are designed to roll out easily and continue to develop in the environment.
Larvae hatch out in the environment, carpets and baseboards of family homes. Although they are completely blind, they are considered to be negatively phototaxic, meaning that they can sense light, and that they avoid it. They crawl down into cracks and crevices and search for food. Flea larvae feed primarily on dried blood in adult flea feces, as well as shed skin, fur and feathers.
Once the flea has reached the pupa stage, it can remain dormant for several months until the conditions are right for the adult flea to emerge. Pressure, vibrations, presence of carbon dioxide, correct temperature and humidity are all indicators that a suitable host may be nearby and the adult flea can emerge.
Adult fleas can only survive a short time without a suitable host on which to feed. The multiple stages of a flea’s life cycle can make them very difficult to kill. Short-term treatment, or only treating the adult fleas on the host animal will not successfully eradicate the flea population. Adults only make up a very small part of the population, and the majority of the population is living as eggs and larvae. Any flea treatment needs to be comprehensive to tackle all life stages, and be ongoing for at least six months.
If you have an infestation that needs expert insect control or pest management, call Eviction today. We can take care of any issue!